Spread of diseases, subjugation (control) through force. Slavery (10-12 million slaves); some Africans were becoming rich from the slave trade, and some of their fittest members were now gone, causing the society to struggle.
How did trade affect West Africa?
By providing firearms amongst the trade goods, Europeans increased warfare and political instability in West Africa. Some states, such as Asante and Dahomey, grew powerful and wealthy as a result. Other states were completely destroyed and their populations decimated as they were absorbed by rivals.
What were the two main consequences for West Africa and for the Americas of early contacts between West Africa and Portuguese traders?
These early contacts with Portuguese traders had two significant consequences for West Africa and the Americas. First, direct trade between the Portuguese and the coastal people of West Africa bypassed the routes across the Sahara and pulled the coastal region into a closer relationship with Europe.
What 2 things were sent to the Americas from Africa?
It was the second of three stages of the so-called triangular trade, in which arms, textiles, and wine were shipped from Europe to Africa, slaves from Africa to the Americas, and sugar and coffee from the Americas to Europe.
What were the two most important products traded in Africa?
The two most important trade items were gold and salt.
Where were the majority of the slaves taken from in Africa?
The majority of all people enslaved in the New World came from West Central Africa. Before 1519, all Africans carried into the Atlantic disembarked at Old World ports, mainly Europe and the offshore Atlantic islands.
Which country started the fight against slavery in Africa?
The transatlantic slave trade began during the 15th century when Portugal, and subsequently other European kingdoms, were finally able to expand overseas and reach Africa. The Portuguese first began to kidnap people from the west coast of Africa and to take those they enslaved back to Europe.
What did the Portuguese trade with West Africa?
Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
What European goods would be traded for African slaves?
European traders traded guns, cloth, rum, salt, and other goods. Guns had the biggest impact on Africa because they gave West African villages a way to protect themselves and caused villages to capture and enslave others to trade for guns. People who were captured as slaves faced a terrible journey.
Who captured slaves to trade in Africa?
It is estimated that more than half of the entire slave trade took place during the 18th century, with the British, Portuguese and French being the main carriers of nine out of ten slaves abducted in Africa.
Who caught the slaves in Africa?
It is thought that around 8.5 million enslaved Africans were taken to the Americas. British slave ships set off from Liverpool, Glasgow or Bristol, carrying trade goods and sailed to West Africa. Some of those enslaved were captured directly by the British traders.
How many slaves were in the United States in 1860?
Black and slave population of the United States from 1790 to 1880
What was traded from Africa to the Americas?
Europe sent manufactured goods and luxuries to North America. Europe also sent guns, cloth, iron, and beer to Africa in exchange fro gold, ivory, spices and hardwood. The primary export from Africa to North America and the West Indies was enslaved people to work on colonial plantations and farms.
What is Africa known for producing?
Africa is a major producer of important metals and minerals. … Africa’s two most profitable mineral resources are gold and diamonds. In 2008, Africa produced about 483 tons of gold, or 22 percent of the world’s total production. South Africa accounts for almost half of Africa’s gold production.
What goods are exported from Africa?
Textiles and clothing is also an important industry. In Morocco, Tunisia and Lesotho, clothing, shoes and textiles are the biggest exports. Equally, cotton is vital to the economies of Mali, Togo and Benin. In the south and central regions, precious metals and minerals are the biggest exports.