What is great trek in South Africa?

Great Trek, Afrikaans Groot Trek, the emigration of some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers from Cape Colony in South Africa between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against the policies of the British government and in search of fresh pasturelands.

What was the great trek for kids?

The Great Trek began in 1835. More than 10,000 farmers left the Cape Colony. They took about 10,000 black workers and large herds of cattle with them. The farmers mostly traveled by horse and ox wagon.

What are the effects of Great Trek?

As a result of the Trek, the Afrikaners remained politically divided for many years. Furthermore, the Trek resulted in the cultural and economic isolation of the Boers. The Great Trek increased the conflicts between the Boers and indigenous tribes, but, on the other hand stimulated trade between black and white groups.

What caused the Great Trek in South Africa?

The Great Trek was spurred by rising tensions between rural descendants of the Cape’s original, mostly Dutch, European colonists, known collectively as Boers, and the later, mostly British, colonists, who had taken control of the Cape on behalf of the British Empire.

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What was the purpose of the Great Trek?

The Great Trek was a movement of Dutch-speaking colonists up into the interior of southern Africa in search of land where they could establish their own homeland, independent of British rule.

How long did the great trek last?

Great Trek (1835–40) Migration of c. 12,000 Boers from Cape Colony into the South African interior. Their motives were to escape British control and to acquire cheap land.

Why did the Boers leave Cape Colony?

The Voortrekkers traditionally have been depicted by English historians as economically backward people who left the Cape Colony as a protest against aspects of British rule, especially the ban on holding slaves (implemented after 1834) and British reluctance to take further land from the Xhosa for white settlement.

Why were the Dutch called Boers?

Page 3 – The Boers

The term Boer, derived from the Afrikaans word for farmer, was used to describe the people in southern Africa who traced their ancestry to Dutch, German and French Huguenot settlers who arrived in the Cape of Good Hope from 1652.

Is Afrikaans a language?

Afrikaans is a creole language that evolved during the 19th century under colonialism in southern Africa. This simplified, creolised language had its roots mainly in Dutch, mixed with seafarer variants of Malay, Portuguese, Indonesian and the indigenous Khoekhoe and San languages.

Who were the Trek Boers in South Africa?

South Africa

pastoralists—the Boers, also called trekboers—began to move inland beyond the Hottentots Holland Mountains with their own herds. The Khoekhoe chiefdoms were largely decimated by the end of the 18th century, their people either dead or reduced to conditions close to serfdom on colonial farms.

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How does the legacy of apartheid affect South Africa today?

The legacies and impacts of apartheid remain strong in South Africa, affecting the economic and social mobility of black South Africans and ensuring that apartheid-era land and housing policies are still very much present in the lives of the vast majority of the population.

When was the Great Trek in South Africa?

Great Trek, Afrikaans Groot Trek, the emigration of some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers from Cape Colony in South Africa between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against the policies of the British government and in search of fresh pasturelands.

How did Indian came to South Africa?

On Nov. 16, 1860, a ship carrying 342 indentured Indians arrived in South Africa, marking the beginning of a long and painful period in the history of the Indian diaspora in the region. Today, South Africa is home to the largest population of people of Indian descent (1.3 million as of 2015) on the continent.

Why did Boers declare their independence?

The Boers had hoped that the election of the Liberal Party in Britain in April 1880 would mean independence for the Transvaal, but the new Prime Minister, W. E. Gladstone, insisted on maintain British control in Pretoria.

Did the Voortrekkers have slaves?

-however, investigation revealed that slavery was not common in the eastern frontier areas from which almost all the Voortrekkers came. … Very few (if any) Voortrekkers had ever owned slaves. Retief’s only known connection was that at one time he had borrowed money from an ex-slave woman!

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What were the main racial groups in South Africa?

This Act divided the South African population into three main racial groups: Whites, Natives (Blacks), Indians and Coloured people (people of mixed race). Race was used for political, social and economic purposes.

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