PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY North Africa, Southwest Asia, and Central Asia spread across two continents, stretching from the shores of the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the border of China in the east. It is a region of mountains, plateaus, and plains and a largely dry climate that creates large deserts.
What types of climates are found in North Africa?
Inland, the countries of North Africa have semiarid and arid desert climates, which are marked by extremes in daily high and low temperatures, with hot summers and cold winters, and little rainfall—approximately 200 to 400 mm per year for semiarid regions and less than 100 mm per year for desert regions.
What three climates are found in North Africa?
The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What is the climate of northern Asia?
North Asia is a subregion of Eurasia, consisting of the Asian territory of Russia, includes the Urals, Siberia and the Far East. The climate in the north of Asia is continental with a pronounced contrast of temperatures and very cold winters.
What are the climates in Central Asia?
Central Asia has a distinctive continental arid and semi-arid climate with hot, cloudless, dry summers and moist, relatively warm winters in the south and cold winters with severe frosts in the north.
What resources of North Africa are the most valuable?
North Africa has vast oil and natural gas deposits, the Sahara holds the most strategic nuclear ore, and resources such as coltan, gold, and copper, among many others, are abundant on the continent.
What are two reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
Why is there no winter in Africa?
The equator divides Africa in half from north to south. Being on the equator keeps Africa from experiencing winter like North America has.
Why is North Africa a desert?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.
What is the biggest landform in North Africa?
North Africa takes in roughly 10 countries, depending on where you draw its borders. By far the most dominant feature of the region is the Sahara desert, which extends across 3.3 million square miles – an area not much smaller than that of the United States.
Which is the most hottest city in India?
Churu currently is the hottest place in the country with a maximum temperature of 42.1 degrees Celsius. Followed by Pilani, again in Rajasthan with a maximum temperature of 41.7 degrees Celsius. Sawai Madhopur is at third with mercury there reaching 41.6 degrees Celsius.
What is the coldest country in Asia?
Verkhoyansk, Russia is considered the coldest place in Asia, with a measured record temperature of -90 degrees F and an average (average!) of -50 F and an all-time high of -17 in the month of January.
Which is the coldest place in India?
Leh. No doubt, Leh is one of the coldest places to visit in India. Perched in the newly formed Union Territory of Ladakh, the temperature is known to drop to as less as -13 degrees Celsius!
What is the most important resource in Central Asia?
Central Asia is rich in oil and gas. It also boasts a variety of plants and animals, and some parts of the region are ‘crossroads’ for Asian and Mediterranean species.
What is Central Asia known for?
Central Asia’s best-kept secrets are its remote Tian Shan and Pamir ranges, hiding some of Asia’s most sublime mountain trails. Fan Mountains, Tajikistan Jewel-like azure-blue lakes, rugged peaks and homestays make this the region’s most popular trekking spot.
What are the 2 main climates found in Central Asia?
Central Asia contains two climates: semiarid and desert. These are positioned in such a way that the very center and west of Central Asia is the driest region with a desert climate, and that area is surrounded by semiarid areas on the northern, eastern, and southern sides.