What are some of communicable diseases that create major health problems in Ethiopia at least 10?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases

  • 2019-nCoV.
  • CRE.
  • Ebola.
  • Enterovirus D68.
  • Flu.
  • Hantavirus.
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B.

What are the top 3 communicable diseases?

Communicable Diseases

  • Influenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.
  • Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.
  • Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Why are communicable diseases important in Ethiopia?

Communicable diseases are the main cause of health problems in Ethiopia. According to the Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, communicable diseases accounted for most of the top ten causes of illness and death in 2008/09. As you can see in Table 1.1, most causes of outpatient visits are due to communicable diseases.

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

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What is the most common communicable disease?

According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.

What are the 4 types of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes.

Chronic respiratory disease

  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • asthma.
  • occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
  • pulmonary hypertension.
  • cystic fibrosis.

Which is the communicable disease?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.

How many diseases and illnesses are there?

The focus is really on rare diseases, but a credible case can be made that there are at least 10,000 diseases in the world, though there is likely more. And there are a bit over 500 treatments.

What is the most common disease in Ethiopia?

The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.

What is the most common cause of death in Ethiopia?

Malaria. Malaria is a leading cause of death and disease in many countries. Young children and pregnant women are the groups most affected.

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What are the main causes of mortality in Ethiopia?

In Ethiopia, the top five leading causes of age-standardized premature mortality and death rates in 2015 were lower respiratory infections, tuberculosis, diarrheal disease, ischemic heart disease, and HIV/AIDS.

Is mode of transmission by kissing?

Kissing offers many health benefits, but may also transmit a small number of disease-causing bacteria and viruses. Bacteria and viruses in the saliva or blood of one person can be spread to another person by kissing. Some diseases are more easily spread than others.

What is the most effective method of preventing communicable disease?

Keeping personal hygiene, like taking a daily bath and washing your hands frequently. Hand washing with soap and water is the simplest and one of the most effective ways to prevent transmission of many communicable diseases (Figure 2.5).

How many types of communicable disease are there?

Millions of different viruses may exist, but researchers have only identified about 5,000 types to date.

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